Nation Ranking

Ranking by second modernization index 1970-2012

2015-07-01  
Ranking by second modernization index 1970-2012
Country No. 1970a 1980a 1990a 2000a 2010b 2011b 2012b 2010c 2011c 2012c
Sweden 1 7 2 3 1 3 4 4 2 1 1
United States 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 4 5 2
Finland 3 18 15 10 4 4 3 3 3 2 4
Australia 4 13 18 15 7 10 9 9 18 12 10
Switzerland 5 15 11 1 8 12 14 14 6 14 14
Norway 6 8 12 7 6 8 10 11 14 13 16
Japan 7 6 4 6 3 5 5 5 5 6 6
Denmark 8 12 10 8 5 2 2 2 1 3 3
Germany 9 9 16 12 9 7 8 8 7 10 9
Netherlands 10 3 7 9 10 16 13 13 8 7 7
Canada 11 4 6 5 12 15 17 18 17 18 17
Singapore 12 23 32 18 19 9 6 7 9 4 5
United Kingdom 13 11 14 16 11 17 18 17 13 15 18
France 14 19 9 13 13 14 15 15 11 9 12
Belgium 15 14 3 11 14 13 12 12 10 8 8
Austria 16 22 20 14 16 11 11 10 16 17 13
New Zealand 17 20 17 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 20
Republic of Korea 18 46 41 26 15 6 7 6 12 11 11
Israel 19 21 13 20 17 19 16 16 19 19 19
Italy 20 26 29 19 21 24 24 25 23 23 23
Ireland 21 27 30 25 20 20 20 20 15 16 15
Spain 22 35 21 22 22 21 21 22 22 22 22
Estonia 23 .. .. .. 26 25 23 23 26 26 25
Slovenia 24 .. .. .. 25 22 22 21 21 21 21
Uruguay 25 31 27 24 23 39 41 41 43 39 40
Russia 26 .. .. .. 29 29 30 28 38 35 31
Slovakia 27 .. .. .. 30 33 35 35 34 37 38
Greece 28 30 19 30 27 28 26 27 29 25 26
Hungary 29 17 24 32 31 32 33 32 25 27 27
Czech 30 2 5 23 28 27 27 26 28 29 29
Portugal 31 51 53 42 24 23 25 24 24 24 24
Belarus 32 .. .. .. 39 37 38 38 45 40 41
Latvia 33 .. .. .. 32 34 34 36 37 33 37
Lithuania 34 .. .. .. 33 31 29 29 32 30 30
Georgia 35 .. .. .. 43 68 71 72 81 73 74
Ukraine 36 .. .. .. 42 41 42 42 55 51 50
Bulgaria 37 16 8 21 45 40 40 40 49 48 48
Lebanon 38 .. 25 .. 34 30 31 33 31 46 35
Kazakhstan 39 .. .. .. 51 56 47 46 58 53 54
Poland 40 10 26 34 38 35 36 34 33 31 36
Argentina 41 29 33 27 35 38 32 31 36 36 33
Panama 42 24 28 28 37 53 58 58 53 55 55
Croatia 43 .. .. .. 40 36 37 37 35 32 34
Saudi Arabia 44 40 34 29 41 42 39 39 27 34 32
Columbia 45 55 55 38 46 71 69 69 59 56 57
Kuwait 46 5 23 4 36 26 28 30 30 28 28
Chile 47 38 37 45 44 44 44 43 42 38 39
Macedonia 48 .. .. .. 52 55 60 60 64 57 59
Azerbaijan 49 .. .. .. 48 65 70 71 73 71 72
Moldova 50 .. .. .. 61 62 65 64 69 68 69
Romania 51 28 31 40 50 46 55 57 47 52 52
Venezuela 52 34 42 43 56 45 49 50 40 54 51
Uzbekistan 53 .. .. .. 53 84 84 85 57 84 85
Dominica 54 42 39 36 49 43 46 47 51 43 44
Armenia 55 .. .. .. 67 54 66 70 63 64 64
Paraguay 56 50 72 59 55 81 82 81 65 83 84
Costa Rica 57 32 47 53 65 52 52 49 46 44 42
Brazil 58 37 50 37 57 47 48 48 56 45 47
Mexico 59 41 43 35 58 57 63 62 60 61 62
Botswana 60 96 71 69 70 85 67 67 83 79 82
Peru 61 47 51 49 62 67 74 75 67 66 66
Jamaica 62 45 36 39 47 51 43 45 66 65 67
Jordan 63 69 45 33 63 50 51 52 39 50 49
South Africa 64 25 44 47 64 63 57 55 74 60 58
Turkey 65 65 63 57 66 48 50 53 48 47 46
Ecuador 66 48 35 70 71 73 76 76 54 70 71
Iran 67 61 74 62 73 60 61 63 41 49 53
Mongolia 68 .. 22 31 80 72 72 68 80 78 76
Morocco 69 54 58 61 69 80 79 78 76 76 77
Malaysia 70 44 69 65 60 49 45 44 44 42 43
El Salvador 71 57 62 67 54 78 53 54 78 81 78
Egypt 72 49 57 54 59 74 75 74 77 74 75
China 73 60 66 73 78 59 56 51 62 58 56
Algeria 74 72 48 44 72 82 80 79 79 77 79
Turkmenistan 75 .. .. .. 68 61 62 61 92 89 87
Tunisia 76 63 49 68 74 58 59 59 50 59 61
Albania 77 .. 38 .. 94 69 73 73 61 63 65
Kyrgyzstan 78 .. .. .. 76 79 81 80 94 90 89
Tajikistan 79 .. .. .. 75 87 98 100 102 103 104
Bolivia 80 39 65 50 81 64 85 83 93 85 86
Myanmar 81 82 80 91 84 98 108 97 82 88 90
Philippines 82 43 61 66 77 83 83 82 97 80 81
Thailand 83 74 60 80 79 77 77 77 68 67 68
Namibia 84 .. .. 51 83 76 78 91 96 86 60
Zimbabwe 85 64 76 71 86 94 101 92 110 108 107
Honduras 86 79 56 64 82 70 87 88 70 94 94
Nicaragua 87 58 46 56 87 66 68 65 72 72 73
Viet Nam 88 .. 88 .. 95 86 64 66 75 62 63
Kenya 89 80 98 82 85 105 105 105 106 97 102
Sri Lanka 90 56 78 55 89 89 88 86 71 69 70
Republic of the Congo 91 33 54 83 97 96 89 87 91 75 80
Indonesia 92 73 85 63 93 88 90 89 90 92 92
Zambia 93 86 75 88 100 123 124 117 114 125 126
Guatemala 94 78 64 48 96 90 86 84 89 93 93
Mauritania 95 59 79 75 91 106 100 98 104 109 106
Cote d'Ivoire 96 98 52 60 99 122 106 124 117 130 130
India 97 77 81 81 98 92 96 96 99 96 96
Pakistan 98 84 90 95 88 101 111 110 118 117 114
Lesotho 99 67 68 58 104 116 123 119 95 122 123
Cambodia 100 .. 110 .. 101 97 92 90 103 98 117
Cameroon 101 81 70 78 103 95 94 93 107 100 101
Eritrea 102 .. .. .. 102 104 115 114 100 99 97
Syria 103 36 40 46 90 75 54 56 52 41 45
Ghana 104 75 67 87 106 103 102 103 108 95 98
Chad 105 83 59 94 113 119 119 120 116 119 121
Mozambique 106 100 108 97 107 128 130 130 127 129 129
Guinea 107 99 104 72 109 108 112 111 121 115 116
Republic of Yemen 108 103 103 41 92 107 95 95 84 107 83
Papua New Guinea 109 94 84 93 105 130 116 113 122 120 103
Haiti 110 90 95 79 112 110 113 108 130 131 122
Nepal 111 88 106 90 110 102 97 106 86 101 100
Senegal 112 53 83 77 117 99 104 104 101 102 95
Sierra Leone 113 52 82 86 126 124 125 126 128 128 131
Democratic Republic of the Congo 114 .. 86 .. 127 112 114 112 109 118 118
Laos 115 101 100 99 108 91 91 99 87 91 91
Malawi 116 62 99 85 118 129 127 123 105 106 109
Togo 117 71 73 84 111 115 117 115 129 112 113
Madagascar 118 76 101 100 114 117 122 122 123 116 115
Mali 119 66 89 101 116 120 110 107 119 113 108
Nigeria 120 87 93 76 123 109 109 109 85 105 105
Bangladesh 121 102 92 89 115 111 93 94 111 111 111
Tanzania 122 85 105 103 124 113 121 118 124 121 120
Benin 123 68 77 74 120 100 99 101 120 104 99
Niger 124 92 91 96 119 131 126 127 113 110 112
Angola 125 70 94 52 121 93 103 102 88 87 88
Uganda 126 95 102 102 125 121 120 121 115 114 110
Central African Republic 127 91 97 92 129 114 118 116 126 123 124
Burkina Faso 128 104 87 104 128 126 129 129 112 124 125
Ethiopia 129 89 96 98 122 127 131 131 131 126 127
Burundi 130 97 107 106 130 118 128 125 125 127 128
Rwanda 131 93 109 105 131 125 107 128 98 82 119
High-income countries 132                    
Middle-income countries 133                    
Low-income countries 134                    
World average 135                    
                       
 Note:
a The average value of high-income countries in 2000 is used as the baseline value for the evaluation over 1970-2000. The average value of high-income countries of the year concerned is used as the baseline value for the evaluation of 2001 and beyond.
    Data on knowledge innovation and knowledge transmission are not available for 1970 and 1990, and the evaluation results are for reference only.
b  Evaluation is done with the average value of high-income countries for the year as the baseline value. This is the result of the evaluation that is based on the first model of second modernization evaluation. See Technical Notes for details.
c  Evaluation is based on the second model of second modernization evaluation. See Technical Notes for details.
d  Second model of second modernization evaluation, high-income countries: high-income OECD countries, 32 countries in 2012.
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